Professional golf entered a new era when the inaugural LIV Golf Invitational Series launched in the summer of 2022.
What followed was pure chaos as the golf tour signed PGA Tour stars such as Phil Mickelson and Dustin Johnson for mind-boggling fees.
Other huge names followed. The litigation began and fast-forward to February 2023 and the league embarked upon their second campaign in Mexico.
If you didn't know, the LIV Golf League consists of 12 teams of four players. There is a concurrent individual competition.
Each LIV Golf League event begins with a shotgun start with the field of 48 players starting on a different hole. There are no cuts.
In 2023, there will be 14 events. LIV's 'beta test' year had eight events which concluded with a $50m team championship.
The league will carry a total prize purse of $405m, up from $255m in 2022.
In this article, GolfMagic lists everything you need to know about the 2023 LIV Golf League.
There is an FAQ at the bottom of the page:
LIV Golf League 2023 Schedule
Feb. 24-26: El Camaleón Golf Club, Playa Del Carmen, Mexico
March 17-19: The Gallery Golf Club, Tucson, Arizona
March 31-April 2: Orange County National, Orlando, Florida
April 21-23: The Grange Golf Club, Adelaide, Australia
April 28-30: Sentosa Golf Club, Singapore
May 12-14: Cedar Ridge Country Club, Broken Arrow, Oklahoma
May 26-28: Trump National Golf Club, Washington, D.C.
June 30-July 2: Real Club Valderrama, Sotogrande, Spain
July 7-9: Centurion Club, London, England
Aug. 4-6: The Old White Course, White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia
Aug. 11-13: Trump National Golf Club, Bedminster, New Jersey
Sept. 22-24: Rich Harvest Farms, Sugar Grove, Illinois
Oct. 20-22: Trump National Doral, Miami, Florida
Nov. 3-5: Royal Greens Golf & Country Club, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
LIV Golf League 2023 players, teams, captains:
4 Aces GC
Captain: Dustin Johnson
- Peter Uihlein
- Pat Perez
- Patrick Reed
Captain: Bryson DeChambeau
- Paul Casey
- Charles Howell III
- Anirban Lahiri
Captain: Sergio Garcia
- Abraham Ancer
- Carlos Ortiz
- Eugenio Lopez-Chacarra
Captain: Martin Kaymer
- Graeme McDowell
- Bernd Wiesberger
- Richard Bland
Hy Flyers GC
Captain: Phil Mickelson
- Cameron Tringale
- James Piot
- Brendan Steele
Iron Heads GC
Captain: Kevin Na
- Scott Vincent
- Sihwan Kim
- Danny Lee
Captain: Ian Poulter
- Henrik Stenson
- Lee Westwood
- Sam Horsfield
Captain: Bubba Watson
- Thomas Pieters
- Talor Gooch
- Harold Varner III
Captain: Cameron Smith
- Marc Leishman
- Matt Jones
- Jed Morgan
Captain: Brooks Koepka
- Chase Koepka
- Jason Kokrak
- Matthew Wolff
Captain: Louis Oosthuizen
- Charl Schwartzel
- Branden Grace
- Dean Burmester
Captain: Joaquin Niemann
- Mito Pereira
- Sebastian Munoz
- David Puig
LIV Golf League 2023 results, earnings:
LIV Golf Mayakoba individual results:
- Win - Charles Howell III, -16, $4,000,000
- 2: Peter Uihlein, -12, $2,125,000
- 3: Branden Grace, -10, $1,500,000
- 4: Paul Casey, -7, $1,050,000
- T-5: Brendan Steele, -6, $887,5000
- T-5: Cameron Smith, -6, $887,5000
- T-7: Pat Perez, -5, $610,000
- T-7: Sebastian Munoz, -5, $610,000
- T-7: Carlos Ortiz, -5, $610,000
- T-7: Matthew Wolff, -5, $610,000
- T-11: Joaquin Niemann, -4, $405,000
- T-11: Ian Poulter, -4, $405,000
- T-11: Graeme McDowell, -4, $405,000
- T-11: Talor Gooch, -4, $405,000
- T-15: Scott Vincent, -3, $237,000
- T-15: Mito Pereira, -3, $237,000
- T-15: Abraham Ancer, -3, $237,000
- T-15: Marc Leishman, -3, $237,000
- 19: Jason Kokrak, -2, $220,000
- T-20: Kevin Na, -1, $184,000
- T-20: Dean Burmester, -1, $184,000
- T-20: Cameron Tringale, -1, $184,000
- T-23: Matt Jones, E, $167,000
- T-23: Bryson DeChambeau, E, $167,000
- T-23: Henrik Stenson, E, $167,000
- T-23: Sergio Garcia, E, $167,000
- T-27: Phil Mickelson, +1, $158,000
- T-27: Harold Varner III, +1, $158,000
- T-27: Eugenio Lopez-Chacarra, +1, $158,000
- T-27: Richard Bland, +1, $158,000
- T-27: Brooks Koepka, +1, $158,000
- T-32: Thomas Pieters, +2, $151,000
- T-32: Anirban Lahiri, +2, $151,000
- 34: Danny Lee, +3, $148,000
- T-35: Charl Schwartzel, +4, $144,000
- T-35: James Piot, +4, $144,000
- T-38: Patrick Reed, +5, $139,000
- T-38: David Puig, +5, $139,000
- 40: Bubba Watson, +6, $136,000
- T-41: Lee Westwood, +8, $133,000
- T-41: Louis Oosthuizen, +8, $133,000
- 43: Jed Morgan, +10, $130,000
- T-44: Bernd Wiesberger, +11, $127,000
- T-44: Sam Horsfield, +11, $127,000
- 46: Laurie Canter, +12, $124,000
- 47: Chase Koepka, +15, $122,000
- 48: Sihwan Kim, +23, $120,000
LIV Golf Mayakoba results:
- Crushers GC -26, $3,000,000
- 4 Aces GC -17, $1,500,000
- Torque GC -13, $500,000
- Stinger GC -12
- Ripper GC -12
- Fireballs GC -11
- HyFlyers GC -10
- RangeGoats GC -10
- Smash GC -6
- Iron Heads -1
- Majesticks GC -1
- Cleeks GC +4
LIV Golf Tucson individual results:
- Win - Danny Lee, -9/203, $4,000,000
- T-2: Carlos Ortiz, -9/203, $1,558,333.33
- T-2: Brendan Steele, -9/203, $1,558,333.33
- T-2: Louis Oosthuizen, -9/203, $1,558,333.33
- 5: Charles Howell III, -8/204, $975,000
- T-6: Mito Pereira, -7/206, $670,000
- T-6: Matt Jones, -7/206, $670,000
- T-6: Kevin Na, -7./206, $670,000
- T-6: Sergio Garcia, -7/206, $670,000
- T-10: Peter Uihlein, -6/207, $516,666.67
- T-10: Branden Grace, -6/207, $516,666.67
- T-10: Matt Wolff, -6/207, $516,666.67
- T-13: Dustin Johnson, -5/208, $270,400
- T-13: Talor Gooch, -5/208, $270,400
- T-13: Pat Perez, -5/208, $270,400
- T-13: Cameron Tringale, -5/208, $270,400
- T-13: Marc Leishman, -5/208, $270,400
- T-18: Patrick Reed, -4/209, $223,000
- T-18: Sam Horsfield, -4/209, $223,000
- T-20: Scott Vincent, -3/210, $180,500
- T-20: David Puig, -3/210, $180,500
- T-20: Eugenio Lopez-Chacarra, -3/210, $180,500
- T-20: Bubba Watson, -3/210, $180,500
- T-24: Richard Bland, -2/211, $163,000
- T-24: Cameron Smith, -2/211, $163,000
- T-24: Harold Varner III, -2/211, $163,000
- T-24: Abraham Ancer, -2/211, $163,000
- T-24: Paul Casey, -2/211, $163,000
- T-24: Brooks Koepha, -2/211, $163,000
- T-30: Laurie Canter, -1/212, $154,000
- T-30: Anirban Lahiri, -1/212, $154,000
- T-30: Phil Mickelson, -1/212, $154,000
- T-33: Dean Burmester, E/213, $148,000
- T-33: Thomas Pieters, E/213, $148,000
- T-33: Ian Poulter, E/213, $148,000
- T-36: Bernd Wiesberger, +1/214, $140,000
- T-36: Joaquin Niemann, +1/214 $140,000
- T-36: Jason Kokrak, +1/214, $140,000
- T-36: Chase Koepha, +1/214, $140,000
- T-36: Sebastian Munoz, +1/214, $140,000
- 41: Graeme McDowell, +2/215, $134,000
- 42: Henrik Stenson, +3/216, $132,000
- 43: Lee Westwood, +5/218, $130,000
- T-44: Bryson DeChambeau, +7/220, $127,000
- T-44: James Piot, +7/220, $127,000
- 46: Charl Schwartzel, +8/221, $124,000
- 47: Jediah Morgan, +9/222, $122,000
- 48: Sihwan Kim, +19/232, $120,000
LIV Golf Tucson team results
- Fireballs GC -25, $3,000,000
- 4 Aces GC -21, $1,500,000
- Iron Heads GC -19, $500,000
- Stinger GC, Ripper GC -16
- Hy Flyers GC -15
- Torque GC -14
- RangeGoats GC, Crushers GC -12
- Smash GC -8
- Cleeks GC -5
- Majesticks GC -4
What the LIV Golf schedule looked like in 2022:
- LIV Golf Invitational London
- Centurion Club, won by Charl Schwartzel
- LIV Golf Invitational Portland
- Pumpkin Ridge Golf Club, won by Branden Grace
- LIV Golf Invitational Bedminster
- Trump National Golf Club, won by Henrik Stenson
- LIV Golf Invitational Boston
- Trump National, won by Dustin Johnson
- LIV Golf Invitational Chicago
- Rich Harvest Farms, won by Cameron Smith
- LIV Golf Invitational Bangkok
- Stonehill Golf Club, won by Eugenio Lopez-Chacarra
- LIV Golf Invitational Jeddah
- Royal Greens Golf & Country Club, won by Brooks Koepka
- LIV Golf Invitational Miami
- Trump National Doral, won by the 4 Aces GC
LIV Golf League FAQ
How did LIV Golf begin?
Greg Norman teamed up with an entity known as LIV Golf Investments in October 2022.
A short while later, the inaugural LIV Golf Invitational Series was announced.
Seven $25m invite-only tournaments were confirmed, along with a $50m team championship.
Norman previously contended that LIV Golf was not created to rival the PGA Tour.
But in the early days had signed multiple major champions to their roster.
What does LIV Golf stand for?
The LIV isn't an acronym. It is the Roman numeral of 54, which is the number of holes played in each event.
The number is also the lowest score a golfer would receive if they birdied every hole on a par-72 course.
Who owns LIV Golf?
LIV Golf is funded by Saudi Arabia's Public Investment Fund.
The Saudi government initially pledged $400m to start the league but have since spent nearly $1bn in acquiring players.
It has been reported the PIF will invest as much as $2bn in their first two years.
Why all the controversy?
Critics say Saudi Arabia is attempting to use sport as a means to soften their reputation globally, in a practice known as sportswashing.
Human rights campaigners argue players involved with LIV are complicit in this and are accepting blood money.
What were the consequences for playing?
The PGA Tour suspended players who played in LIV Golf's first event at Centurion Club in June 2022.
That prompted Phil Mickelson and 10 other golfers to file an antitrust lawsuit.
Can LIV players participate in the majors?
This was a hot topic of debate but it has now been confirmed by the governing bodies of the four major championships that those LIV players that have qualified or are otherwise exempt will not be barred from playing.
How do I watch LIV Golf?
LIV Golf announced a multi-year broadcast deal with U.S. TV network The CW.
You can find out how to watch LIV Golf from your location on the official LIV Golf Plus app.
Does LIV Golf have sponsors?
LIV Golf announced in February that EasyPost, a logistical and commerce company would become their first global partner.
Next page: Nine players who changed their mind about LIV Golf